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What is the Iberian ham?

The Iberian pig is a breed native of the Iberian Peninsula, which is perfectly adapted to the habitat in which they live, the wooded pasture of the Mediterranean forest. In this environment, the feed is based on acorns from oak trees.

The ham is obtained from the hind legs of the pig. It is salt in rae and cured naturally. Their weight ranges from 5 to 10 kilos and has less proportion of bone than the shoulder, which makes it more expensive.

The front legs, also called shoulders ("paletas" or "paletillas"), follow the same process of production. It usually weighs between 3,5 and 7 kilos .

The Iberian ham has a special and singular flavour, aroma and texture that distinguishes it from other types of ham. This superior quality is determined by the purity of their unique race, their natural feed and the handcrafted production of the ham.

The animal feed distinguishes different types of ham:

- Acorn Iberian Ham ("Jamón Ibérico de Bellota"). It comes from pigs raised in pastures, fed exclusively on acorns, grasses and other fruits of the pasture.

- Iberian "Recebo" Ham ("Jamón Ibérico de Recebo"). It comes from pigs that have received a mixed feed. Initially, during the "montanera" (graze in the pasture which runs from autumn to late winter), the diet is based on acorns, later and until the time of slaughter the pigs are fed with natural feed and cereals.

- Iberian "Cebo de Campo" Ham ("Jamón Ibérico de Cebo de Campo"). It is that one from pigs that are fed with natural feed and cereals. The pigs also spend at least 60 days before the time of slaughter in the pasture.

- Iberian "Cebo" Ham ("Jamón Ibérico de Cebo"). It is produced from pigs that have been fed all their life with natural feed and cereals, keeping the genetic characteristics and breeding in freedom.

The colour of the hoof of the pig does not indicate the quality of the ham. Not all Iberian pigs have black hoofs, nor black hoofs are unique to the Iberian race.

What is a Designation of Origin?

The Designation of Origin (DO) is a rating system and protection of certain agricultural and food products that are produced, transformed and processed in a given area. The products included in this Designation of Origin are committed to maintaining quality standards and production methods. In Spain there are four Designations of origin:

- DO Huelva.

- DO Guijuelo.

- DO Dehesa de Extremadura.

- DO Pedroches.

HOW MUCH HAM CAN BE CONSUMED?

Approximately 50% of the weight of a ham is bone, outer rind and excess fat. In the case of shoulders, this value increases up to 60 %.

What is the difference between the taste of hind leg ham and shoulder ham?

The flavour of the ham of hind leg and shoulder is virtually the same, although some experts believe that the ham leg has a delicate contrast of flavours and the shoulder it is more tasty because the amount of fat and faster curing.

Are you a professional customer (restaurant, grocery store, etc.)?

If you are a business customer we can offer special deals for large orders. To discuss your requirements, please send an email to:

pedidos@iberisty.com

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